Magnetic polarisability of the nucleon using a Laplacian mode projection

Research paper by Ryan Bignell, Waseem Kamleh, Derek Leinweber

Indexed on: 20 Feb '20Published on: 18 Feb '20Published in: arXiv - High Energy Physics - Lattice


Conventional hadron interpolating fields, which utilise gauge-covariant Gaussian smearing, are ineffective in isolating ground state nucleons in a uniform background magnetic field. There is evidence that residual Landau mode physics remains at the quark level, even when QCD interactions are present. In this work, quark-level projection operators are constructed from the $SU(3) \times U(1)$ eigenmodes of the two-dimensional lattice Laplacian operator associated with Landau modes. These quark-level modes are formed from a periodic finite lattice where both the background field and strong interactions are present. Using these eigenmodes, quark-propagator projection operators provides the enhanced hadronic energy-eigenstate isolation necessary for calculation of nucleon energy shifts in a magnetic field. The magnetic polarisability of both the proton and neutron is calculated using this method on the $32^3 \times 64$ dynamical QCD lattices provided by the PACS-CS Collaboration. A chiral effective-field theory analysis is used to connect the lattice QCD results to the physical regime, obtaining magnetic polarisabilities of $\beta^p = 2.79(22)({}^{+13}_{-18}) \times 10^{-4}$ fm$^3$ and $\beta^n = 2.06(26)({}^{+15}_{-20}) \times 10^{-4}$ fm$^3$, where the numbers in parantheses describe statistical and systematic uncertainties.