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Lyman alpha emission in high-redshift galaxies

Research paper by C. Tapken, I. Appenzeller, S. Noll, S. Richling, J. Heidt, E. Meinkoehn, D. Mehlert

Indexed on: 15 Feb '07Published on: 15 Feb '07Published in: Astrophysics



Abstract

A significant fraction of the high-redshift galaxies show strong Lyman emission lines. For redshifts z>5, most known galaxies belong to this class. However, so far not much is known about the physical structure and nature of these objects. Our aim is to analyse the Lyman alpha emission in a sample of high-redshift UV-continuum selected galaxies and to derive the physical conditions that determine the Lyman alpha profile and the line strength. VLT/FORS spectra with a resolution of R ~ 2000 of 16 galaxies in the redshift range of z = 2.7 to 5 are presented. The observed Lyman alpha profiles are compared with theoretical models. The Lyman alpha lines range from pure absorption (EW = -17 Angstroem) to strong emission (EW = 153 Angstroem). Most Lyman alpha emission lines show an asymmetric profile, and three galaxies have a double-peaked profile. Both types of profiles can be explained by a uniform model consisting of an expanding shell of neutral and ionised hydrogen around a compact starburst region. The broad, blueshifted, low-ionisation interstellar absorption lines indicate a galaxy-scale outflow of the ISM. The strengths of these lines are found to be determined in part by the velocity dispersion of the outflowing medium. We find star-formation rates of these galaxies ranging from SFR(UV) = 1.2 to 63.2 Msun uncorrected for dust absorption. The Lyman alpha emission strength of our target galaxies is found to be determined by the amount of dust and the kinematics of the outflowing material.