LPS from Escherichia coli protects against indomethacin-induced gastropathy in rats--role of ATP-sensitive potassium channels.

Research paper by Antoniella S AS Gomes, Lívia M F LM Lima, Camila L CL Santos, Fernando Q FQ Cunha, Ronaldo A RA Ribeiro, Marcellus H L P MH Souza

Indexed on: 02 Sep '06Published on: 02 Sep '06Published in: European Journal of Pharmacology


The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in gastric protection has not been elucidated, but ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are known to be involved in gastric defense. We evaluated the effect of LPS administration on indomethacin-induced gastropathy, and the role of K(ATP) channels in this event. Rats received intravenous (i.v.) LPS administration. After 1/2, 6, 24 or 48 h, indomethacin was injected. 3H later, gastric damage and myeloperoxidase activity were determined. Another group received LPS and 5 h later, glibenclamide, diazoxide or glibenclamide plus diazoxide. After 1 h, the rats received indomethacin and 3 h later, gastric damage and myeloperoxidase activity were evaluated. LPS reduced dose dependently gastric damage and myeloperoxidase activity induced by indomethacin. Glibenclamide reversed this LPS effect on indomethacin-induced gastropathy. Glibenclamide plus diazoxide administration did not change this LPS effect. Thus LPS has a protective effect against indomethacin-induced gastropathy, probably through activation of K(ATP) channels.