Low hydration phase properties of phospholipid mixtures

Research paper by Gary Bryant, James M. Pope, Joe Wolfe

Indexed on: 01 Jul '92Published on: 01 Jul '92Published in: European Biophysics Journal


An experimental investigation of the low hydration phase properties of phospholipid mixtures is described. 2H (D2O) NMR, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry have been used to elucidate the phase properties of mixtures of the mixed chain phospholipids palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC) and palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (POPE). At 10% hydration pure POPE exhibited a HII phase above 330 K, a fluid lamellar phase below 315 K, and a minimally hydrated crystalline phase below 300 K. For the 1:1 mixture, the samples exhibited only gel or fluid phases between 270 K and 360 K for hydrations in the range 15% to 30%. Below 15% hydration the mixture exhibited two fluid phases with different repeat spacings, as predicted previously.