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Low birth weight, preterm birth and short interpregnancy interval in Sudan.

Research paper by Ishag I Adam, Moslim H MH Ismail, Abubakr M AM Nasr, Martin H MH Prins, Luc J M LJ Smits

Indexed on: 11 Nov '09Published on: 11 Nov '09Published in: The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians



Abstract

To investigate whether short interpregnancy interval (IPI) is associated with increased risk of low birth weight and preterm labour.The study was conducted in the labour ward of Khartoum hospital in Sudan during November 2007 through February 2008. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted for the confounding factors using multiple logistic regression models.Compared with IPI of 18-30 months, those women with intervals shorter than 18 months had an increased risk of low birth weight (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.0-3.5, P = 0.04) and preterm labour (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 1.1-4.7, P = 0.01).In this study, IPI shorter than 18 months are independently associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes.