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Lorentzian left invariant metrics on three dimensional unimodular Lie groups and their curvatures

Research paper by Mohamed Boucetta, Abdelmounaim Chakkar

Indexed on: 06 Apr '19Published on: 12 Mar '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Differential Geometry



Abstract

There are five unimodular simply connected three dimensional unimodular non abelian Lie groups: the nilpotent Lie group $\mathrm{Nil}$, the special unitary group $\mathrm{SU}(2)$, the universal covering group $\widetilde{\mathrm{PSL}}(2,\mathbb{R})$ of the special linear group, the solvable Lie group $\mathrm{Sol}$ and the universal covering group $\widetilde{\mathrm{E}_0}(2)$ of the connected component of the Euclidean group. For each $G$ among these Lie groups, we give explicitly the list of all Lorentzian left invariant metrics on $G$, up to un automorphism of $G$. Moreover, for any Lorentzian left invariant metric in this list we give its Ricci curvature, scalar curvature, the signature of the Ricci curvature and we exhibit some special features of these curvatures. Namely, we give all the metrics with constant curvature, semi-symmetric non locally symmetric metrics and the Ricci solitons.