Indexed on: 20 Feb '14Published on: 20 Feb '14Published in: World Journal of Surgery
The main concept driving my work has been the humoral theory of immunity to allografts. It led to the development of the microlymphocytotoxicity test, which is used to look for the relevant transplant antigens using alloantisera. Using alloantibodies produced by pregnancies, the HLA system was defined through a series of international histocompatibility workshops. It was then shown that the HLA system was important for matching donors and recipients for bone marrow transplants and organ transplants. More than 6000 HLA-matched kidney transplants from cadaver donors have now been shared in the United States. HLA antigens were found to be of importance in anthropologic and disease susceptibility studies. Currently HLA antibodies are being studied intensively to determine their role in chronic rejection. If it is proven that these antibodies trigger intimal proliferation, occluding arterioles, HLA antibodies will become essential to the monitoring of chronic rejection.