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Long-term follow-up of blinatumomab in patients with relapsed/refractory Philadelphia chromosome-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: Final analysis of ALCANTARA study.

Research paper by Giovanni G Martinelli, Nicolas N Boissel, Patrice P Chevallier, Oliver O Ottmann, Nicola N Gökbuget, Alessandro A Rambaldi, Ellen K EK Ritchie, Cristina C Papayannidis, Catherine A CA Tuglus, Joan D JD Morris, Anthony A Stein

Indexed on: 17 Feb '21Published on: 16 Feb '21Published in: European Journal of Cancer



Abstract

To evaluate long-term durability of blinatumomab, a BiTE® (bispecific T-cell engager) molecule, in adults with relapsed/refractory (R/R) Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). In this final analysis of an open-label, single-arm, phase 2, multicentre ALCANTARA study (NCT02000427), adults (age ≥18 years) with Ph+ ALL who had relapsed or were refractory to at least one TKI were included. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved complete remission (CR)/CR with partial haematologic recovery (CRh) during the first two cycles of blinatumomab treatment. The final analysis included 45 patients who completed the study between 3rd January 2014 and 6th January 2017, of which 16 (35.6%; 95% CI, 21.9%-51.2%) achieved CR/CRh within the first two blinatumomab cycles. After a median follow-up of 16.1 months, median relapse-free survival (RFS) was 6.8 (95% CI, 4.4-not estimable [NE]) months. Median overall survival (OS) was 9.0 (95% CI, 5.7-13.5) months with a median follow-up of 25.1 months. Median OS in patients with CR (19.8 [95% CI, 12.1-NE] months) was greater than in those without CR (6.0 [95% CI, 2.9-7.1] months). Of 16 patients with CR/CRh, 14 achieved complete minimal residual disease (MRD) response; the median duration of complete MRD response was 9.7 (95% CI, 5.2-NE) months. Treatment-related adverse events were consistent with those previously reported. Long-term durability of responses to blinatumomab was demonstrated in patients with R/R Ph+ ALL. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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