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Long-term course after pediatric right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction.

Research paper by Pimchanok P Junnil, Chalit C Cheanvechai, Jule J Namchaisiri, Ankavipar A Saprungruang, Puwadon P Thitivaraporn, Mueanthep M Chomvilailuk, Vichai V Benjacholamas

Indexed on: 19 Dec '20Published on: 19 Dec '20Published in: Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals



Abstract

Valved homografts are commonly used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. However, despite good early results, they lack durability. This study was designed to compare single-center results of implantation of 3 types of right ventricular outflow tract conduit, in terms of patient survival, graft failure, reoperation, and risk factors for reoperation. One hundred and forty-three pediatric patients who underwent right ventricular outflow tract conduit implantation between January 2006 and December 2018 were reviewed. We stratified conduits by aortic, pulmonic homograft, and Contegra; 74 aortic homografts, 61 pulmonic homografts, and 8 Contegra conduits were implanted. Median age at implantation was 3 years. The primary diagnosis was truncus arteriosus in 41.3%. We analyzed the role of sex, age, diagnosis, and graft size. Endpoints included freedom from graft failure, freedom from reoperation, and survival. The survival rate was 83.2% at 10 years. Freedom from graft failure at 2, 5, and 10 years was 100%, 97.9%, and 63.4%, respectively. Freedom from reoperation was 85.8% for pulmonic homografts and 74.9% for aortic homografts at 10 years, and 100% for Contegra at 6 years. Multivariable analysis identified conduit diameter <18 mm as a risk factor for reoperation (hazard ratio: 3.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.38-7.23,  = 0.007). Homograft valves used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction provided excellent long-term durability and late survival. The only factor that adversely affected graft longevity was small graft size (diameter <18 mm). Reoperation for conduit failure was not significantly different among the groups.