Indexed on: 31 May '19Published on: 30 Mar '19Published in: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Brugada Phenocopies (BrP) are clinical entities that have indistinguishable electrocardiographic (ECG) patterns from true congenital Brugada Syndrome (BrS). However, they are induced by other clinical circumstances such as myocardial ischemia. The purpose of our study was to examine the clinical features and pathogenesis of ischemia-induced BrP. Data from 17 cases of ischemia-induced BrP were collected from the International Registry (www.brugadaphenocopy.com). Data were extracted from these publications and authors were contacted to provide further insight into each case. Of the patients included in this study, 71% were male. Mean age was 59 ± 11 years (range 38 - 76). Type-1 Brugada ECG pattern occurred in 15/17 (88%) of the cases, while a type-2 Brugada ECG pattern was observed in the other 2/17 (12%). In all cases, the Brugada ECG pattern resolved upon correction of the ischemia, indicating ischemia as the inducing circumstance. No arrhythmic events have been detected acutely or during the follow-up. Reported time to resolution ranged from 2 minutes to 5 hours. Provocative challenges using sodium channel blocking agents were performed in 7/17 cases (41%), and all failed to induce a Brugada ECG pattern (BrP Class A). The remaining 10/17 cases (59%) did not undergo provocative testing due to various clinical reasons. Myocardial ischemia is a commonly reported etiology of BrP. Importantly, this study found no association between BrP induced by myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death or malignant ventricular arrhythmias. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.