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Light-meson orbital excitations in the QCD string approach

Research paper by A. M. Badalian, B. L. G. Bakker

Indexed on: 15 May '02Published on: 15 May '02Published in: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology



Abstract

In the framework of the QCD string approach it is shown that the spin-averaged masses $\bar{M}(nL)$ of all low-lying light mesons are well described using the string tension $\sigma$ as the only parameter. The Regge slope $\alpha'_L$ and the intercept $\alpha_L(0)$ of the Regge L-trajectory for $\bar{M}(nL)$ are calculated analytically and turn out to be $\alpha'_L = 0.80$ GeV${}^{-2}$ (for $L \leq 4$) and $\alpha_L(0) = -0.34$, in good agreement with the experimental data: $\alpha'_{L {\rm exp}} = 0.81 \pm 0.01$ GeV${}^{-2}$, $\alpha_{L {\rm exp}}(0) = -0.30 \pm 0.02$. To obtain this strong agreement with the data the nonperturbative quark self-energy contributions to the meson masses must be taken into account, which appeared to be large and negative for small values of L, and are even for larger values of L important for a close fit. From the present analysis of the meson spectra the restriction $\alpha_s \leq 0.40$ on the strong coupling is required.