Light-induced transformation of C60 films in the presence and absence of oxygen

Research paper by T. L. Makarova, V. I. Sakharov, I. T. Serenkov, A. Ya. Vul’

Indexed on: 01 Mar '99Published on: 01 Mar '99Published in: Physics of the Solid State


The composition and structure of C60 fullerite films prepared by discrete evaporation in quasiclosed volume, as well as their changes induced by laser irradiation, have been studied by ellipsometry and Rutherford backscattering. The starting film has a 150-Å thick stable top layer and a carbon to oxygen ratio of 10:1. Exposure of a film both to vacuum and to air results in formation of an insoluble photo-transformed phase, but in the second case the change in the refractive index implies the appearance of compounds with oxygen. The material does not undergo complete polymerization, although all structural changes cease at an irradiation dose of 104 photons per fullerene molecule. Treatment of the polymerized phase with organic solvents produces a porous structure, with the voids totaling 48% in the case of exposure in vacuum, and 30% when exposed in air.