Ligand exchange chromatography for analysis and preparative separation of tritium-labelled amino acids

Research paper by Yu. A. Zolotarev, D. A. Zaitzev, V. I. Penkina, I. N. Dostavalov, N. F. Myasoyedov

Indexed on: 01 Apr '88Published on: 01 Apr '88Published in: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry


Racemic tritium-labelled amino acids were separated into optical isomers by chromatography on a chiral polyacrylamide sorbent filled with copper ions. The polyacrylamide sorbent is synthesized by Mannich's reaction through the action of formaldehyde and L-phenylalanine upon polyacrylamide Biogel P-4 in an alkali phosphate buffer. Tritiumlabelled amino acids are eluted by a weak alkali solution of ammonium carbonate. Data are presented on the ligand exchange chromatography of amino acids depending on the degree to which the sorbent is filled with copper ions and on the eluent concentration. Conditions are suggested for the quantitative separation of amino acid racemates. Amino acids are isolated from the eluent on short columns filled with sulfonated cation exchanger in the H+ form. HPLC on modified silica gel sorbents is also used for the analysis of tritium-labelled optically active amino acids. Amino acids are eluted by a weakly acidic water-methanol solution containing ammonium acetate. UV and scintillation flow type detectors are used.