Indexed on: 09 Nov '04Published on: 09 Nov '04Published in: Clinica Chimica Acta
Prebeta1-HDL acts as a primary acceptor of cellular cholesterol. Prebeta1-HDL is converted into alpha-migrating high-density lipoprotein (HDL) by lecithin/cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). We examined whether the LCAT-dependent conversion rate of prebeta1-HDL is a determinant of the plasma prebeta1-HDL concentration in healthy Japanese.We measured the conversion half time (CHT(prebeta1)), the time required for 50% of baseline prebeta1-HDL to be changed into alpha-migrating HDL by LCAT, in 100 healthy Japanese (47 men, 53 women, 22-88 years).Prebeta1-HDL concentration, as determined by immunoassay, was significantly lower in younger women (<50 years, n=24) than in older women (>or=50 years, n=29) (16.8+/-3.3 vs. 21.7+/-8.0 mg/l apolipoprotein AI (apoAI), p<0.01). There was no significant difference in prebeta1-HDL concentration between younger (n=24) and older (n=23) men (21.2+/-6.8 vs. 22.5+/-6.6 mg/l apoAI). The mean CHT(prebeta1) for all subjects was 47.4+/-13.0 min, and was not influenced by gender or age. Prebeta1-HDL concentration was positively correlated with CHT(prebeta1) in both men and women, suggesting that high prebeta1-HDL levels may reflect delayed conversion of prebeta1-HDL.LCAT-dependent conversion rate is a determinant of plasma prebeta1-HDL concentration in healthy Japanese. We speculate that prebeta1-HDL concentration may be used as a metabolic marker for HDL maturation.