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Late postoperative bleeding after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: management and review of literature.

Research paper by Alisha A Gupta, Mihir M MM Shah, Sudhir N SN Kalaskar, Matthew M Kroh

Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 21 Dec '18Published in: BMJ case reports



Abstract

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a catastrophic complication of gastric bypass. Bleeding can occur during the early or late phase after the operation. Though bleeding after gastric bypass is infrequent, late bleeding is exceedingly rare. We present two patients with late bleeding following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The first patient, a 65-year-old woman, presented with life-threatening upper GI bleeding almost 5 years after laparoscopic RYGB. The second patient, a 62-year-old woman, presented with upper GI bleeding after almost 14 years following RYGB. Both, due to an eroding marginal ulcer. We discuss here the management of a rare and catastrophic complication of late GI bleeding and review the various reports in the literature describing the late bleeding as a complication of gastric bypass. Late GI bleeding after RYGB presents a diagnostic and interventional challenge. High index of suspicion and adequate management strategies may lessen morbidity and mortality. © BMJ Publishing Group Limited 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.