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Laparoscopic Magnetic Sphincter Augmentation vs Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication: A Matched-Pair Analysis of 100 Patients.

Research paper by Jessica L JL Reynolds, Joerg J Zehetner, Phil P Wu, Shawn S Shah, Nikolai N Bildzukewicz, John C JC Lipham

Indexed on: 23 Jun '15Published on: 23 Jun '15Published in: Journal of The American College of Surgeons



Abstract

The efficacy and safety of magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) with the LINX device (Torax Medical) has been reported in several short-and long-term studies, rivaling historic results of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF), but with fewer side effects. However, there have been no studies comparing patients with similar disease to validate these results.We conducted a retrospective analysis of 1-year outcomes of patients undergoing MSA and LNF from June 2010 to June 2013. Patients were matched using propensity scores incorporating multiple preoperative variables. Outcomes were measured by GERD Health Related Quality of Life scores, proton-pump inhibitor use, satisfaction, and complications.One hundred and seventy-nine patients met inclusion criteria, 62 MSA and 117 LNF. Propensity score matching identified 50 patients in both groups using the "best-fit" model with a caliper of 0.5 SD. At 1 year after surgery, both groups had similar GERD Health Related Quality of Life scores (4.2 MSA and 4.3 LNF; p = 0.897) and proton-pump inhibitor use (17% of MSA and 8.5% of LNF; p = 0.355). Although there was no difference in the number of patients reporting mild gas and bloating (27.6% MSA and 27.6% LNF; p = 1.000), there were no patients with severe gas and bloating in the MSA group compared with 10.6% in the LNF group (p = 0.022). More LNF patients were unable to belch (8.5% of MSA and 25.5% of LNF; p = 0.028) or vomit (4.3% of MSA and 21.3% of LNF; p = 0.004). The incidence of postoperative dysphagia was similar between the groups (46.8% MSA and 44.7% LNF; p = 0.766).Analogous GERD patients had similar control of reflux symptoms after both MSA and LNF. The inabilities to belch and vomit were significantly fewer with MSA, along with a significantly lower incidence of severe gas-bloat symptoms. These results support the use of MSA as first-line therapy in patients with mild to moderate GERD.

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