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Laparoscopic magnetic sphincter augmentation versus fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease: systematic review and pooled analysis.

Research paper by Nadia N Guidozzi, Tom T Wiggins, Ahmed R AR Ahmed, George B GB Hanna, Sheraz R SR Markar

Indexed on: 20 Oct '19Published on: 10 May '19Published in: Diseases of the Esophagus



Abstract

Magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) has been proposed as a less invasive, more appealing alternative intervention to fundoplication for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes following MSA for GERD control in comparison with laparoscopic fundoplication. A systematic electronic search for articles was performed in Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for single-arm cohort studies or comparative studies (with fundoplication) evaluating the use of MSA. A random-effects meta-analysis for postoperative proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, GERD-health-related quality of life (GERD-HRQOL), gas bloating, ability to belch, dysphagia, and reoperation was performed. The systematic review identified 6 comparative studies of MSA versus fundoplication and 13 single-cohort studies. Following MSA, only 13.2% required postoperative PPI therapy, 7.8% dilatation, 3.3% device removal or reoperation, and esophageal erosion was seen in 0.3%. There was no significant difference between the groups in requirement for postoperative PPI therapy (pooled odds ratio, POR = 1.08; 95%CI 0.40-2.95), GERD-HRQOL score (weighted mean difference, WMD = 0.34; 95%CI -0.70-1.37), dysphagia (POR = 0.94; 95%CI 0.57-1.55), and reoperation (POR = 1.23; 95%CI 0.26-5.8). However, when compared to fundoplication MSA was associated with significantly less gas bloating (POR = 0.34; 95%CI 0.16-0.71) and a greater ability to belch (POR = 12.34; 95%CI 6.43-23.7). In conclusion, magnetic sphincter augmentation achieves good GERD symptomatic control similar to that of fundoplication, with the benefit of less gas bloating. The safety of MSA also appears acceptable with only 3.3% of patients requiring device removal. There is an urgent need for randomized data directly comparing fundoplication with MSA for the treatment of GERD to truly evaluate the efficacy of this treatment approach. © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.