Indexed on: 01 Oct '04Published on: 01 Oct '04Published in: Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications
Various characterizations of optimal solution sets of cone-constrained convex optimization problems are given. The results are expressed in terms of subgradients and Lagrange multipliers. We establish first that the Lagrangian function of a convex program is constant on the optimal solution set. This elementary property is then used to derive various simple Lagrange multiplier-based characterizations of the solution set. For a finite-dimensional convex program with inequality constraints, the characterizations illustrate that the active constraints with positive Lagrange multipliers at an optimal solution remain active at all optimal solutions of the program. The results are applied to derive corresponding Lagrange multiplier characterizations of the solution sets of semidefinite programs and fractional programs. Specific examples are given to illustrate the nature of the results.