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L-space surgery and twisting operation

Research paper by Kimihiko Motegi

Indexed on: 16 Sep '15Published on: 16 Sep '15Published in: Mathematics - Geometric Topology



Abstract

A knot in the 3-sphere is called an L-space knot if it admits a nontrivial Dehn surgery yielding an L-space, i.e. a rational homology 3-sphere with the smallest possible Heegaard Floer homology. Given a knot K, take an unknotted circle c and twist K n times along c to obtain a twist family { K_n }. We give a sufficient condition for { K_n } to contain infinitely many L-space knots. As an application we show that for each torus knot and each hyperbolic Berge knot K, we can take c so that the twist family { K_n } contains infinitely many hyperbolic L-space knots. We also demonstrate that there is a twist family of hyperbolic L-space knots each member of which has tunnel number greater than one.