Kudoa trifolia sp. n. - molecular phylogeny suggests a new spore morphology and unusual tissue location for a well-known genus.

Research paper by A S AS Holzer, I I Blasco-Costa, V L VL Sarabeev, M O MO Ovcharenko, J A JA Balbuena

Indexed on: 16 Dec '06Published on: 16 Dec '06Published in: Journal of Fish Diseases


A new species of myxozoan, Kudoa trifolia sp. n., was found in various organs of the golden grey mullet, Liza aurata (Risso), and the thinlip mullet, L. ramada (Risso), from the western Mediterranean. Spores developed in subspherical plasmodia of 0.28-1 mm diameter within connective tissue, predominantly in the spleen, the outer wall of the gall bladder and the gut, the mesenteries and occasionally also in the gills. The spores of K. trifolia differ from the commonly known shape of Kudoa by considerable enlargement of one of the four valve cells, thus forming a 'spore body', which contains the major part of the binucleate sporoplasm. Scanning electron microscopy of the spores revealed the presence of grape-like appendages, which occur in bundles terminally on the valve cells. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 18S rDNA sequence of K. trifolia showed that this species is deeply embedded in the genus Kudoa despite its aberrant morphology and host tissue location. This suggests important amendments to the morphological diagnosis of the genus Kudoa.