Quantcast

Klein tunneling in driven-dissipative photonic graphene

Research paper by Tomoki Ozawa, Alberto Amo, Jacqueline Bloch, Iacopo Carusotto

Indexed on: 22 Mar '17Published on: 22 Mar '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Optics



Abstract

We theoretically investigate Klein tunneling processes in photonic artificial graphene. Klein tunneling is a phenomenon in which a particle with Dirac dispersion going through a potential step shows a characteristic angle- and energy-dependent transmission. We consider a generic photonic system consisting of a honeycomb-shaped array of sites with losses, illuminated by coherent monochromatic light. We show how the transmission and reflection coefficients can be obtained from the steady-state field profile of the driven-dissipative system. Despite the presence of photonic losses, we recover the main scattering features predicted by the general theory of Klein tunneling. Signatures of negative refraction and the orientation-dependence of the inter-valley scattering are also highlighted. Our results will stimulate the experimental study of intricate transport phenomena using driven-dissipative photonic simulators.