Indexed on: 31 Jan '02Published on: 31 Jan '02Published in: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology
We investigated the kinetics of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their regulatory factors mRNAs in the kidneys of mercuric chloride-treated Brown Norway rats. The expression of MMP-1 mRNA remained at lower levels than control, while other MMPs mRNAs were upregulated. The expression of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 mRNA showed significant upregulation. On the other hand, the expressions of TIMP-2 and TIMP-3 mRNAs were not significantly changed. In the plasmin-dependent pathway, the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) mRNA was continuously increased, while the expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) mRNA was not increased. The signals of TIMP-1 and PAI-1 mRNAs examined by in situ hybridization, were localized in the regenerative epithelial cells of the proximal tubules. In conclusion, these findings suggest that the activity of MMPs may bealtered by MMP-1 downregulation and inhibition of MMP activity by PAl-1 and TIMP-1 generated from tubular epithelial cells.