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Kinetic studies of reactions of iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations with organic reductants.

Research paper by Zhengzheng Z Pan, Rui R Zhang, Martin M Newcomb

Indexed on: 28 Feb '06Published on: 28 Feb '06Published in: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry



Abstract

Iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations are observed intermediates in peroxidase and catalase enzymes, where they are known as Compound I species, and the putative oxidizing species in cytochrome P450 enzymes. In this work, we report kinetic studies of reactions of iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations that can be compared to reactions of other metal-oxo species. The iron(IV)-oxo radical cations studied were those produced from 5,10,15,20-tetramesitylporphryinato-iron(III) perchlorate (1), 5,10,15,20-tetramesitylporphryinato-iron(III) chloride (2), both in CH(3)CN solvent, and that from 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrinato-iron(III) perchlorate (3) in CH(2)Cl(2) solvent. The substrates studied were alkenes and activated hydrocarbons diphenylmethane and ethylbenzene. For a given organic reductant, various iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations react in a relatively narrow kinetic range; typically the second-order rate constants vary by less than 1 order of magnitude for the oxidants studied here and the related oxidant 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrinato-iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cation in CH(3)CN solvent. Charge transfer in the transition states for epoxidation reactions of substituted styrenes by oxidants 1 and 2, rho(+) values of -1.9 and -0.9, respectively, mirrors results found previously for related species. Competition kinetic reactions with a catalytic amount of porphyrin iron(III) species and a terminal oxidant give relative rate constants for oxidations of competing substrates that are somewhat smaller than the ratios of absolute rate constants. Water in CH(3)CN solutions has an apparent modest stabilizing effect on oxidant 1 as indicated in slightly reduced rate constants for oxidation reactions. The iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations are orders of magnitude less reactive than porphyrin-manganese(V)-oxo cations and a corrole-iron(V)-oxo species. The small environment effects found here suggest that high energy demanding hydrocarbon oxidation reactions catalyzed by cytochrome P450 enzymes might require highly reactive iron(V)-oxo transients as oxidants instead of the more stable, isomeric iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin radical cations.