Khintchine type inequalities for reduced free products and Applications

Research paper by Eric Ricard, Quanhua Xu

Indexed on: 27 Feb '16Published on: 27 Feb '16Published in: Mathematics - Operator Algebras


We prove Khintchine type inequalities for words of a fixed length in a reduced free product of $C^*$-algebras (or von Neumann algebras). These inequalities imply that the natural projection from a reduced free product onto the subspace generated by the words of a fixed length $d$ is completely bounded with norm depending linearly on $d$. We then apply these results to various approximation properties on reduced free products. As a first application, we give a quick proof of Dykema's theorem on the stability of exactness under the reduced free product for $C^*$-algebras. We next study the stability of the completely contractive approximation property (CCAP) under reduced free product. Our first result in this direction is that a reduced free product of finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras has the CCAP. The second one asserts that a von Neumann reduced free product of injective von Neumann algebras has the weak-$*$ CCAP. In the case of group $C^*$-algebras, we show that a free product of weakly amenable groups with constant 1 is weakly amenable.