Indexed on: 08 May '13Published on: 08 May '13Published in: Plant systematics and evolution = Entwicklungsgeschichte und Systematik der Pflanzen
Somatic chromosome numbers of 47 accessions representing 28 Artemisia species are provided from Iran. Two basic chromosome numbers, x = 8, 9, each with diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid levels, were found. Different chromosome numbers, 2n = 16, 16 + 1B, 16 + 5B, 32, 48, and 2n = 18, 18 + 1B, 19, 36, 36 + 1B, 36 + 2B, 37, 49 + 2B, 49 + 3B, 51 + 6B, 54, 54 + 1B, 54 + 3B, 54 + 5B, in studied accessions were identified. Chromosome numbers are reported for the first time in three species, counts in four species are new for Iran, and other counts have been thoroughly compared to previous data. Forty percent of the studied accessions are polyploid and B-chromosome(s) are reported in 17 % of accessions. Aneuploidy and aneusomy are other relevant cytological phenomena. Some karyological parameters, total karyotype length, karyotype formula, mean value of centromeric indices, mean arm ratio, A1 and A2 indices, were estimated to characterize the karyotypes numerically. A1 and A2 indices showed that karyotypes tend to be asymmetric in polyploid and dysploid taxa. PCA analysis of all karyological parameters has shown some systematic and evolutionary implications. The consideration of all these chromosome numbers and cytogenetic mechanisms has led us to infer the different patterns of chromosomal evolution in the genus.