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JCM, Vol. 9, Pages 1653: Interaction between the Number of Chemotherapy Cycles and Brachytherapy Dose/Volume Parameters in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer Patients

Research paper by Alexandre Escande, Mohamed Khettab, Sophie Bockel, Isabelle Dumas, Antoine Schernberg, Sebastien Gouy, Philippe Morice, Patricia Pautier, Eric Deutsch, Christine Haie-Meder, Cyrus Chargari

Indexed on: 04 Jun '20Published on: 01 Jun '20Published in: Journal of clinical medicine



Abstract

Scarce data exist on concurrent chemotherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients (pts) treated with image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT). We examined the effect of a number of chemotherapy cycles and their interaction with brachytherapy dose/volume parameters. Clinical records of 209 consecutive pts treated for a LACC were reviewed. Pts received CRT concurrently with cisplatin 40 mg/m² or carboplatin AUC2. An additional cycle could have been delivered during the pulse-dose rate (PDR)-IGABT. The impact of a number of chemotherapy cycles on outcome was examined, as well as the interactions with dose volume parameters. The number of cycles was four in 55 (26.3%) pts, five in 154 (73.7%) including 101 receiving the fifth cycle during IGABT. Median follow-up was 5.5 years. Pts receiving five cycles had a better outcome on all survival endpoints, including three year local control rate (93.9% vs. 77.2%; p < 0.05). In the subgroup, only pts with tumor FIGO (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie Obstétrique) stage ≤IIB or with CTVHR > 25 cm3 had a better outcome. Pts receiving four cycles with D90CTVHR > 80GyEQD2 had the same locoregional control–(LRC) as those receiving five cycles and achieving D90CTVHR ≤ 80 GyEQD2 (p = 0.75). An optimal propensity score matching the balance for the FIGO stage, CTVHR volume and D90CTVHR confirmed the effect, with the largest life expectancy benefit for locoregional failure-free survival (absolute gain: 1.5 years; p = 0.017). Long-term radiation-induced toxicity was not increased. Increasing the total number of cycles from 4 to 5 improved LFS, suggesting a place for systemic strategies aimed at in-field cooperation. Delivering an additional cycle at the time of brachytherapy did not increase morbidity and there permitted an increase in chemotherapy dose intensity.

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