Indexed on: 16 May '07Published on: 16 May '07Published in: Plant Cell Reports
A novel automated image collection and analysis system was used to compare two new soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) promoters with the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (CaMV35S) promoter, which was used as an expression standard. For expression comparisons, various permutations of a soybean polyubiquitin (Gmubi) promoter, a soybean heat shock protein 90-like (GmHSP90L) promoter and the CaMV35S promoter were placed upstream of a green fluorescent protein (gfp) gene. DNA constructs were introduced via particle bombardment into excised cotyledons of germinating lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) seeds, which were arranged in Petri dishes for automated image capture and image analysis. The automated system allowed monitoring and quantification of gfp gene expression in the same piece of tissue over time. The Gmubi promoter, with its intronic region intact, showed the highest expression that was over five times stronger than the CaMV35S promoter. When an intronic region was removed from the Gmubi promoter, GFP expression was reduced, but was still over two times greater than with the CaMV35S promoter. The full-length soybean GmHSP90L promoter was four times stronger than the CaMV35S promoter. Truncation of the GmHSP90L promoter resulted in stepwise decreases in promoter strength, which appear to correspond to removal of regulatory elements. Automated image capture and analysis allowed the rapid and efficient evaluation of these new promoters.