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Isolated Interrupted Aortic Arch: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Research paper by Ramazan Akdemir, Hakan Ozhan, Enver Erbilen, Mehmet Yazici, Hüseyin Gündüz, Cihangir Uyan

Indexed on: 01 Oct '04Published on: 01 Oct '04Published in: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging



Abstract

An 18-years-old male presented to emergency department after a car accident with the diagnosis of femoral bone fracture. Arterial blood pressure was 160/90 mmHg in both arms. Bilateral femoral and popliteal pulses were extremely weak and there was systolic ejection murmur on the left second intercostals area. Chest X-ray showed rib notching with normal cardiac silhouette. Transthoracic echocardiography showed the aortic interruption just below the left subclavian artery. Aortography showed a complete interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) just distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery. Femoral bone fracture was treated by conservative strategy. A gadolinium contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiogram (1.5 T scanners) clearly reaffirmed a complete interruption of the descending aorta, 3.6 cm from the left subclavian artery with extensive collateralizations. Mild degree hypertension was controlled by a long acting calcium channel blocker. Later the patient has been scheduled for elective surgical repair. We aimed to discuss the diagnostic and treatment options of the interrupted aortic arch as being a rare anomaly.