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Ischemia-induced Drp1 and Fis1-mediated mitochondrial fission and right ventricular dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension.

Research paper by Lian L Tian, Monica M Neuber-Hess, Jeffrey J Mewburn, Asish A Dasgupta, Kimberly K Dunham-Snary, Danchen D Wu, Kuang-Hueih KH Chen, Zhigang Z Hong, Willard W WW Sharp, Shelby S Kutty, Stephen L SL Archer

Indexed on: 08 Mar '17Published on: 08 Mar '17Published in: Journal of Molecular Medicine



Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) function determines prognosis in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesize that ischemia causes RV dysfunction in PAH by triggering dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1)-mediated mitochondrial fission. RV function was compared in control rats (n = 50) versus rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH (MCT-PAH; n = 60) both in vivo (echocardiography) and ex vivo (RV Langendorff). Mitochondrial membrane potential and morphology and RV function were assessed before or after 2 cycles of ischemia-reperfusion injury challenge (RV-IR). The effects of Mdivi-1 (25 μM), a Drp1 GTPase inhibitor, and P110 (1 μM), a peptide inhibitor of Drp1-Fis1 interaction, were studied. We found that MCT caused RV hypertrophy, RV vascular rarefaction, and RV dysfunction. Prior to IR, the mitochondria in MCT-PAH RV were depolarized and swollen with increased Drp1 content and reduced aconitase activity. RV-IR increased RV end diastolic pressure (RVEDP) and mitochondrial Drp1 expression in both control and MCT-PAH RVs. IR depolarized mitochondria in control RV but did not exacerbate the basally depolarized MCT-PAH RV mitochondria. During RV IR mdivi-1 and P110 reduced Drp1 translocation to mitochondria, improved mitochondrial structure and function, and reduced RVEDP. In conclusion, RV ischemia occurs in PAH and causes Drp1-Fis1-mediated fission leading to diastolic dysfunction. Inhibition of mitochondrial fission preserves RV function in RV-IR.Right ventricular ischemia reperfusion (RV-IR) causes RV diastolic dysfunction. IR-induced mitochondrial fission causes RV diastolic dysfunction. In RV-IR Drp1 translocates to mitochondria, binds Fis1 and causes fission and injury. A baseline RV mitochondriopathy in MCT PAH resembles IR-induced mitochondrial injury. Drp1 inhibitors (Mdivi-1 and P110) preserve RV diastolic function post RV-IR.

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