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Is the established structure of α-rhombohedral boron correct? Comparative study of IR-active phonons with B6O, B4.3C and β-rhombohedral boron.

Research paper by Helmut H Werheit, Udo U Kuhlmann

Indexed on: 06 Jul '12Published on: 06 Jul '12Published in: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal



Abstract

The established structure of α-rhombohedral boron, based on one B(12) icosahedron per unit cell only, is put in question. A careful evaluation of the IR-active phonons in comparison with B(6)O, B(4.3)C and β-rhombohedral boron makes it evident that-aside from the B(12) icosahedra-the α-rhombohedral boron structure also contains single boron atoms. We assume these single atoms replace the currently assumed inter-icosahedral three-centre-bonds by covalently saturating the outward directing bonds of the equatorial atoms of the three adjacent icosahedra. Indeed, the implied structure formula B(12)B(2) is not supported by previous density measurements. The IR-phonon spectra of the related structures are correlated and merely shifted relative to one another; significant features depend quantitatively on the actual structure, but they can be easily allocated.