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Involvement of PKC-beta in PTH, TNF-alpha, and IL-1 beta effects on IL-6 promoter in osteoblastic cells and on PTH-stimulated bone resorption.

Research paper by J M JM Radeff, Z Z Nagy, P H PH Stern

Indexed on: 02 Aug '01Published on: 02 Aug '01Published in: Experimental Cell Research



Abstract

Protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to be activated by parathyroid hormone (PTH) in osteoblasts. Prior evidence suggests that this activation mediates responses leading to bone resorption, including production of the osteoclastogenic cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). However, the importance of specific PKC isozymes in this process has not been investigated. A selective antagonist of PKC-beta, LY379196, was used to determine the role of the PKC-beta isozyme in the expression of IL-6 in UMR-106 rat osteoblastic cells and in bone resorption in fetal rat limb bone organ cultures. PTH, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) induced translocation of PKC-alpha and -beta(I) to the plasma membrane in UMR-106 cells within 5 min. The stimulation of PKC-beta(I) translocation by PTH, TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta was inhibited by LY379196. In contrast, LY379196 did not affect PTH, TNF-alpha-, or IL-1 beta-stimulated translocation of PKC-alpha. PTH, TNF-alpha, and IL-1 beta increased luciferase expression in UMR-106 cells transiently transfected with a -224/+11 bp IL-6 promoter-driven reporter construct. The IL-6 responses were also attenuated by treatment with LY379196. Furthermore, LY379196 inhibited bone resorption elicited by PTH in fetal rat bone organ cultures. These results indicate that PKC-beta(I) is a component of the signaling pathway that mediates PTH-, TNF-alpha-, and IL-1 beta-stimulated IL-6 expression and PTH-stimulated bone resorption.