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Investigation on the effect of strut configurations and locations on the combustion performance of a typical scramjet combustor

Research paper by Wei Huang

Indexed on: 12 Dec '15Published on: 12 Dec '15Published in: Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology



Abstract

The Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations coupled with the renormalization group (RNG) k-ε and the single-step chemical reaction mechanism have been used to evaluate the influence of the radius of the strut tip, the half-angle of the strut and the strut location relative to the combustor entrance on the combustion performance of the combustor has been discussed. At the same time, the numerical method has been validated by the available experimental shadowgraph, velocity measurements and temperature measurements in the open literature. With the increasing of the radius of the strut tip, the separation region generated due to the strong interaction between the shock wave and the boundary layer becomes broader, and accordingly, a bifurcated shock wave appears at the front of the strut, then a shock wave train. The shock waves generated at the intersectional points between the walls of the strut and the sonic lines play an important role in the generation of the separation zone, and they can improve the combustion efficiency to a certain extent. Further, the mixing process is more intensive than the chemical reaction process in the vicinity of the strut base, and the combustion efficiency increases nearly monotonically with the increasing of the horizontal distance in the range considered in the current study. When the intersectional point between the leading shock wave and the upper wall overlaps with the divergence point, the combustion efficiency at the exit of the combustor becomes the largest, and its value is nearly 96.2%.