[Investigation of the incidence of drug dependence in patients treated in psychiatric and addictive rehabilitation wards].

Research paper by Viktória V Tóth, Beáta B Molnár, Gábor G Gazdag

Indexed on: 24 Apr '20Published on: 24 Apr '20Published in: Orvosi hetilap


Introduction: Sedative dependence is becoming more and more worrying all over the world, including in Hungary. People with other addictions as well as psychiatric patients are particularly at risk for drug addiction. However, we have little scientific data on the true magnitude of the problem. Objective: To investigate the use of benzodiazepine drugs by assessing and comparing the consumption habits of patients treated in the psychiatric rehabilitation and addiction rehabilitation department of a hospital in Budapest. Methods: The study was based on a 19-item questionnaire on sedative use patterns and behaviors completed anonymously, in an interview, by 103 patients from the two wards. Statistical analysis: Demographics were described by mean and standard deviation or percentages. A t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, or chi-square test was used to compare groups according to sample distribution. Results: Symptoms suggestive of drug dependence, concomitant use of multiple sedatives, and combination of sedatives with alcohol were also very common among patients in both classes. However, the results showed significant differences between the two samples on a number of issues. Drug abuse was significantly more common among addict patients, and drug procurement through illegal channels can also be linked to this group of patients. Demographic characteristics of social status, most notably housing, have a significant impact on non-prescription drug use. Conclusions: The results call attention to the prevalence of drug dependence among addictive and psychiatric patients, indicating that urgent action is needed to reduce the problem. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161 (15): 594-600.