Quantcast

Inverter cover for motor-driven compressor

Imported: 17 Feb '17 | Published: 28 Apr '15

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

An electric compressor includes an inverter cover. The inverter cover has a metal plate that is arranged to cover an inverter (a circuit board). The metal plate has bolt insertion holes, through which metal bolts for fixing the inverter cover to a suction housing are passed. The head of each bolt contacts a flange portion, which is the periphery of the corresponding bolt insertion hole. The inverter cover is formed of plastic by being molded in a mold, using the metal plate as a core.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an electric compressor.

An electric compressor includes a compressing portion for compressing and discharging refrigerant, an electric motor for driving the compressing portion, and a housing for accommodating the compressing portion and the electric motor. An inverter cover, which accommodates an inverter for driving the electric motor, is fixed to the housing. If made of metal, the inverter cover increases the weight of the electric compressor. Thus, to minimize the increase in the weight of the electric compressor, the weight of the inverter cover may be reduced, for example, by making the inverter cover with plastic. For example, refer to Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2004-162618 (a first prior art) and Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2002-155862 (a second prior art).

The electric compressor of the first prior art has an inverter case (inverter cover). The inverter case includes a base portion, which is formed integrally with the motor housing on the outer circumferential surface of the motor housing, a frame portion placed on a base surface of the base portion, and a lid portion for closing the upper opening of the frame portion. A part of the inverter case, or a frame portion, is formed of plastic.

The inverter case of the second prior art has a main body, which is made of plastic. Metal plating is applied to the inside of the inverter case, for example, through insert molding.

However, in the inverter case of the first prior art, external electromagnetic noise can intrude from the frame portion and flow into the inverter. Also, in the inverter case of the second prior art, the metal plating cannot ensure the strength of the inverter case. Further, due to changes in the temperature in the engine compartment, where the compressor is placed, the difference in the rate of the thermal expansion between the metal and the plastic can cause the metal plating to peel off the inverter case. In such a case, the metal plating can no longer shield against external electromagnetic noise. Also, a peeled flake of the metal plating can contact the inverter, causing short circuiting.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide an electric compressor that maintains the strength of an inverter cover while reducing the weight of the inverter cover, and prevents external electromagnetic noise from flowing into an inverter.

To achieve the foregoing objective and in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, an electric compressor is provided that includes a metal housing, a compressing portion and an electric motor accommodated in the housing, an inverter for driving the electric motor, and an inverter cover fixed to the housing. The inverter cover accommodates the inverter. The inverter cover has a metal plate that is arranged to cover the inverter. The metal plate has a bolt insertion hole for fixing the inverter cover to the housing. When the inverter cover is fixed to the housing by a metal bolt having a head and a threaded portion, the threaded portion of the bolt is passed through the bolt insertion hole, and the head of the bolt and the periphery of the bolt insertion hole are electrically connected to each other. The inverter cover is formed of plastic by being molded in a mold, using the metal plate as a core.

Other aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, illustrating by way of example the principles of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

One embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to FIGS. 1A to 4.

As shown in FIG. 1A, a housing of an electric compressor 10 is formed by a discharge housing member 11 located on the left as viewed in FIG. 1A and a suction housing member 12 secured to the discharge housing member 11. The discharge housing member 11 and the suction housing member 12 are made of aluminum, that is, metal, and formed as a cylinder with one end closed. A suction port is formed in the bottom of the circumferential wall of the suction housing member 12. The suction port is connected to an external refrigerant circuit (not shown). A discharge port 14 is formed on the lid side, or the left side as viewed in FIG. 1A, of the discharge housing member 11. The discharge port 14 is connected to the external refrigerant circuit. The suction housing 12 accommodates a compressing portion 15 for compressing refrigerant (shown by a broken line in FIG. 1A) and an electric motor 16 for driving the compressing portion 15. Although not illustrated in the present embodiment, the compressing portion 15 is formed by a stationary scroll fixed to the suction housing 12 and a movable scroll arranged to face the fixed scroll.

A stator 17 is fixed to the inner circumferential surface of the suction housing member 12. The stator 17 has a stator core 17a fixed to the inner circumferential surface of the suction housing member 12. The stator core 17a has teeth (not shown) around which coils 17b are wound. A rotary shaft 19 extends through the stator 17 and is rotationally supported in the suction housing member 12. A rotor 18 is fixed to the rotary shaft 19.

As shown in FIG. 1B, the suction housing member 12 has a bottom wall 12a (on the right side as viewed in FIG. 1B). An annular rim 12f extends outward from the entire outer circumference of the bottom wall 12a in the axial direction, in which the axis L of the rotary shaft 19 extends. A plurality of attaching cylinders 12c (two of them are shown in FIG. 2) protrude from the bottom wall 12a. An internal thread hole 121c is formed inside each attaching cylinder 12c. An inverter cover 41 with one end opened is fixed to the open end of the rim 12f. The bottom wall 12a, the rim 12f, and the inverter cover 41 define an accommodation space 41a. The accommodation space 41a accommodates an inverter 40.

A circuit board 40a of the inverter 40 is supported by the bottom wall 12a via board supporting members 34 fixed to the bottom wall 12a, while being separated from the bottom wall 12a. The circuit board 40a is accommodated in the accommodation space 41a such that the mounting surface of the circuit board 40a is perpendicular to the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19. Therefore, in the present embodiment, the compressing portion 15, the electric motor 16, and the inverter 40 are arranged in order along the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19.

The circuit board 40a mounts a drive control circuit for the electric motor 16, or an inverter circuit. The circuit board 40a is electrically connected to switching elements (not shown), a filter coil 35, and capacitors 36. The filter coil 35 and the capacitors 36 are mounted on the circuit board 40a, while being separated from the bottom wall 12a.

Electricity is supplied to the electric motor 16 after being controlled by the inverter 40. This rotates the rotary shaft 19 together with the rotor 18 at a controlled rotational speed. Accordingly, the compressing portion 15 is operated. As the compressing portion 15 operates, refrigerant is drawn into the suction housing member 12 from the external refrigerant circuit through the suction port. The refrigerant is then compressed by the compressing portion 15, and the compressed refrigerant is discharged to the external refrigerant circuit via the discharge port 14.

The inverter cover 41 will now be described in detail.

The inverter cover 41 has a metal plate 42 made of aluminum. The metal plate 42 serves as the framework of the inverter cover 41. The metal plate 42 includes a cylindrical outer circumferential portion 42a, a bottom wall 42b, a cylindrical portion 42c, which forms a power input port 49. The outer circumferential portion 42a is annular and extends in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19. The bottom wall 42b is continuous with the outer circumferential portion 42a and extends in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the outer circumferential portion 42a. The cylindrical portion 42c is continuous with the bottom wall 42b and extends in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19. The metal plate 42 is arranged to cover the circuit board 40a of the inverter 40.

The bottom wall 42b has bolt insertion holes 421b, which are located at positions corresponding to the internal thread holes 121c of the attaching cylinders 12c. Flange portions 423b are formed on and protrude from an outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b. Each flange portion 423b is formed to surround one of the bolt insertion holes 421b. That is, with the flange portions 423b, the thickness of the metal plate 42 at the periphery of each bolt insertion hole 421b is greater than the thickness of the other parts of the metal plate 42. This increases the strength of the peripheries of the bolt insertion holes 421b. The end face of each flange portion 423b is flat.

A distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is located on the side facing the suction housing member 12. The distal end portion 421a has a plurality of sealing member attaching holes 422a (only two of them are shown in FIG. 1B), which are formed at predetermined intervals along the circumferential direction of the outer circumferential portion 42a. An annular sealing member 50 is integrally assembled with the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a to seal the space between the suction housing member 12 and the inverter cover 41.

As shown in FIG. 1B in an enlarged manner, the sealing member 50 has projections 50a, which protrude radially inward and are arranged at predetermined intervals. Each projection 50a has an engaging portion 50b, which extends in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19. Each engaging portion 50b is forcibly passed through the corresponding sealing member attaching hole 422a, while being elastically deformed, such that each engaging portion 50b is engaged with the periphery of the corresponding sealing member attaching hole 422a. Accordingly, the sealing member 50 is assembled integrally with the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a. With the sealing member 50 attached to the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a, a part of the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is covered with the sealing member 50. A distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a protrudes further than an end face 50c of the sealing member 50 that faces the suction housing member 12. The distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a contacts a recess 121f formed in the inner circumference of the rim 12f.

A plastic power connector 44, which is integrated with the cylindrical portion 42c, is provided inside the cylindrical portion 42c, which forms the power input port 49. The power connector 44 has a metal terminal 43, which is electrically connectable to an external power source (vehicle battery). The cylindrical portion 42c also has an integrally formed plastic insulating cover 48. The insulating cover 48 covers the outer circumferential surface and the open end of the cylindrical portion 42c, and extends in the entire outer circumferential surface of the cylindrical portion 42c. The insulating cover 48 and the cylindrical portion 42c form, in the inverter cover 41, the power input port 49, which expose the accommodation space 41a to the outside.

An inner insulating portion 45 made of plastic is located on an inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b and integrated with the metal plate 42 (the bottom wall 42b). The inner insulating portion 45 is continuous with the power connector 44 and extends from the power connector 44 and along the inner surface of the bottom wall 42b. Further, a plastic inner circumferential insulating portion 46 is provided on a part of the outer circumferential portion 42a that is closer to the bottom wall 42b than the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a. The inner circumferential insulating portion 46 is integrated with the metal plate 42 (the outer circumferential portion 42a). The inner circumferential insulating portion 46 is continuous with the inner insulating portion 45 and extends along the entire inner circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion 42a.

Also, a plastic outer circumferential insulating portion 47 is provided on a part of the outer circumferential portion 42a that is closer to the bottom wall 42b than the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a. The outer circumferential insulating portion 47 extends along the entire outer circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion 42a and is integrated with the metal plate 42 (the outer circumferential portion 42a). An end face 47a of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 that faces the suction housing member 12 contacts an end face of the sealing member 50 that is opposite to the suction housing member 12. That is, the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is not covered with plastic. Thus, in the present embodiment, the inverter cover 41 is formed by the metal plate 42, the power connector 44, the inner insulating portion 45, the inner circumferential insulating portion 46, the outer circumferential insulating portion 47, the insulating cover 48, and the sealing member 50.

Insertion holes 46a are formed in the inner circumferential insulating portion 46. A threaded portion 51a of a metal bolt 51, which is passed through each bolt insertion hole 421b, is passed through each insertion hole 46a. After being passed through the corresponding pair of the bolt insertion hole 421b and insertion hole 46a, the distal end of the threaded portion 51a of each bolt 51 is threaded to an internal thread hole 121c. With the threaded portion 51a threaded to the internal thread holes 121c, a head 51b of each bolt 51 contacts and is electrically connected to the end face of the corresponding flange portion 423b. By threading the bolts 51 with the internal thread holes 121c, the inverter cover 41 is fixed to the suction housing member 12. With the inverter cover 41 fixed to the suction housing member 12, the sealing member 50 is tightly held between the end face 47a of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and an end face 12e of the rim 12f, and seals the space between the end face 47a of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and the end face 12e of the rim 12f.

As shown in FIG. 2, the inverter cover 41 is manufactured by using a molding apparatus 60, which is formed by a first mold member 61 and a second mold member 62.

The first mold member 61 has a recess 61a, which forms a fill space K1 (refer to FIG. 3) that is filled with plastic for forming the outer circumferential insulating portion 47. Also, the first mold member 61 has an accommodating recess 61b, which is continuous with the recess 61a and accommodates the outer circumferential portion 42a of the metal plate 42. A bottom surface 611b of the accommodating recess 61b contacts the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b of the metal plate 42. Fitting recesses 61c is formed in the bottom surface 611b of the accommodating recess 61b. The fitting recesses 61c receive the flange portions 423b. A projection 61d is formed on a bottom surface 611c of each fitting recess 61c. The projection 61d is inserted into one of the bolt insertion holes 421b. The distal end faces of the projections 61d are located on the same plane as an end face 61h of the first mold member 61. An accommodating recess 61e for accommodating the cylindrical portion 42c is formed in the bottom surface 611b of the accommodating recess 61b. A protrusion 61f for forming the outer shape of the power connector 44 is provided on a bottom surface 611e of the accommodating recess 61e. The protrusion 61f has a holding portion 61g for holding a first end of the metal terminal 43.

The second mold member 62 has a surface 62a, which forms a contact surface 621a that contacts the end face 61h of the first mold member 61. An insertion recess 62b for receiving the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is formed in the surface 62a. The second mold member 62 has a fill space forming surface 62c for forming a fill space K2 (refer to FIG. 3). The fill space K2 is filled with plastic for forming the inner circumferential insulating portion 46 together with the inner circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion 42a. The fill space forming surface 62c is continuous with the surface 62a and extends in a direction perpendicular to the surface 62a. Further, the second mold member 62 has a fill space forming surface 62d for forming a fill space K3 (refer to FIG. 3). The fill space K3 is filled with plastic for forming the inner insulating portion 45 together with the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b. The fill space forming surface 62d is continuous with the fill space forming surface 62c and extends in a direction perpendicular to the fill space forming surface 62c. Also, an insertion recess 62e, which is recessed relative to the fill space forming surface 62d, is formed in the second mold member 62. A second end of the metal terminal 43 can be inserted into the insertion recess 62e.

Next, a method for manufacturing the inverter cover 41 according to the present embodiment, which uses the above described molding apparatus 60, will be described.

First, as shown in FIG. 3, the first end of the metal terminal 43 is held by the holding portion 61g of the first mold member 61. Subsequently, the metal plate 42 is inserted into the first mold member 61 such that the outer circumferential portion 42a is received in the accommodating recess 61b. Then, the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b contacts the bottom surface 611b of the accommodating recess 61b, and each flange portions 423b is fitted in the corresponding fitting recess 61c. Also, each projection 61d is inserted in the corresponding bolt insertion hole 421b. Further, the cylindrical portion 42c is accommodated in the accommodating recess 61e, and the cylindrical portion 42c, the accommodating recess 61e, and the protrusion 61f define a fill space K4 to be filled with plastic for forming the insulating cover 48.

Subsequently, the second mold member 62 is arranged in relation to the first mold member 61 such that the contact surface 621a of the second mold member 62 contacts the end face 61h of the first mold member 61. Accordingly, the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is inserted into the insertion recess 62b, and the second end of the metal terminal 43 is inserted into the insertion recess 62e. The surface 62a, the recess 61a, and the outer circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion 42a define the fill space K1. Further, the surface 62a, inner circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion 42a, and the surface 62c define the fill space K2, and the surface 62d and the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b define the fill space K3 in between. The inner circumferential surface of the cylindrical portion 42c and the protrusion 61f define a fill space K5 to be filled with plastic for forming the power connector 44. The fill space K2, the fill space K3, and the fill space K5 communicate with each other. With the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a inserted into the insertion recess 62b, the sealing member attaching hole 422a is embedded in the insertion recess 62b.

Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 4, molten plastic is introduced into the fill space K1 and the fill space K4 and hardened, so that the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and the insulating cover 48 are formed integrally with the metal plate 42 in the fill spaces K1 and K4. Molten plastic that has been introduced into the fill space K5 flows to the fill space K3 and the fill space K2 and then fills the fill space K5, the fill space K3, and the fill space K2. The filling molten plastic is hardened to form the power connector 44, the inner insulating portion 45, and the inner circumferential insulating portion 46 in a state integrated with the metal plate 42 in the fill space K5, the fill space K3, and the fill space K2. The insertion holes 46a are formed in the inner circumferential insulating portion 46 by the projections 61d. The thus manufactured inverter cover 41 is a plastic mold that is formed by a mold of plastic using the metal plate 42 as a core.

The distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a, which has been inserted in the insertion recess 62b, is not covered with the plastic but protrudes in the direction opposite to the bottom wall 42b from the inner circumferential insulating portion 46 and the outer circumferential insulating portion 47. Each engaging portion 50b is forcibly passed through the corresponding sealing member attaching hole 422a, while being elastically deformed, such that the engaging portions 50b is engaged with the periphery of the sealing member attaching hole 422a. Accordingly, the sealing member 50 is assembled with the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a.

Operation of this embodiment will now be described.

With the inverter cover 41 having the above described configuration fixed to the suction housing member 12, external electromagnetic noise flows into the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and the insulating cover 48 of the inverter cover 41. The external electromagnetic noise that has flowed into the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and the insulating cover 48 is blocked by the outer circumferential portion 42a and the cylindrical portion 42c and flows to the threaded portions 51a of the bolts 51 via the bottom wall 42b and contacting parts (electric contacting parts) between the heads 51b of the bolts 51 and the flange portions 423b. The external electromagnetic noise that has flowed to the threaded portions 51a is grounded after flowing to the suction housing 12 via the bottom wall 12a. Accordingly, the external electromagnetic noise is prevented from flowing to the inverter 40.

External electromagnetic noise also flows in via the sealing member 50. The external electromagnetic noise that has flowed in via the sealing member 50 is blocked by the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a and flows to the threaded portions 51a of the bolts 51 via the bottom wall 42b and contacting parts between the heads 51b of the bolts 51 and the flange portions 423b. The external electromagnetic noise that has flowed to the threaded portions 51a is grounded after flowing to the suction housing 12 via the bottom wall 12a. Accordingly, the external electromagnetic noise that has flowed to the sealing member 50 is prevented from flowing to the inverter 40.

The above described embodiment provides the following advantages.

(1) The inverter cover 41 has the metal plate 42, which is arranged to cover the inverter 40 (the circuit board 40a). The inverter cover 41 is formed of plastic with the metal plate 42 as the core. Since the inverter cover 41 is formed mainly of plastic and uses the metal plate 42 as the core, the weight of the inverter cover 41 is lighter than that in a case in which the entire inverter cover 41 is made of metal. Also, the metal plate 42 ensures the strength of the inverter cover 41. Further, even though the inverter cover 41 is mainly made of plastic, external electromagnetic noise is blocked by the metal plate 42 and flows to the suction housing member 12 via the contacting parts between the heads 51b of the bolts 51 and the flange portions 423b, the threaded portions 51a of the bolts 51, and the bottom wall 12a. The electromagnetic noise is then grounded. Accordingly, the external electromagnetic noise is prevented from flowing to the inverter 40.

(2) The sealing member 50 covers part of the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a, and the distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a protrudes further than the end face 50c of the sealing member 50, which faces the suction housing member 12. Thus, external electromagnetic noise that flows from the sealing member 50 is blocked by the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a and flows to the suction housing member 12 via the contacting parts between the heads 51b of the bolts 51 and the flange portions 423b, the threaded portions 51a of the bolts 51, and the bottom wall 12a. The electromagnetic noise is then grounded. Therefore, the external electromagnetic noise from the sealing member 50 is prevented from flowing to the inverter 40. Since the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a is not covered with plastic, the sealing member 50 can be assembled to the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a in advance when assembling the inverter cover 41 to the suction housing member 12. This facilitates the assembly.

(3) Since the sealing member 50 is integrated with the distal end portion 421a of the outer circumferential portion 42a, the sealing member 50 can be arranged between the suction housing member 12 and the inverter cover 41 at the same time as arranging the inverter cover 41 in relation to the suction housing member 12. This further facilitates the assembly.

(4) The distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a protrudes further than the end face 50c of the sealing member 50 that faces the suction housing member 12, and contacts recesses 121f formed in the inner circumferential edge of the rim 12f. Therefore, external electromagnetic noise flows to and is grounded to the suction housing member 12 via the outer circumferential portion 42a and the recess 121f. This prevents the external electromagnetic noise from flowing to the inverter 40.

(5) The inverter cover 41 has the inner insulating portion 45, which extends from the power connector 44 and along the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b of the metal plate 42. Therefore, even though the space between the metal plate 42 and the inverter 40 (the circuit board 40a) is minimized, the inner insulating portion 45 ensures the insulation between the metal plate 42 and the inverter 40 (the circuit board 40a). Therefore, the space between the metal plate 42 and the inverter 40 (the circuit board 40a) can be reduced so that the size of the electric compressor 10 in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19 can be reduced.

(6) In the present embodiment, molten plastic is introduced into the fill space K5, so that the molten plastic flows into the fill space K3, which communicates with the fill space K5. The molten plastic that fills the fill space K3 is hardened to form the inner insulating portion 45 on the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b. Since the inner insulating portion 45 can be formed on the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b by simply filling the fill space K5 with molten plastic, the inner insulating portion 45 can be formed easily.

(7) The flange portions 423b are formed on and protrude from the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b. Each flange portion 423b is formed on the periphery of one of the bolt insertion holes 421b. That is, with the flange portions 423b, the thickness of the metal plate 42 at the periphery of each bolt insertion hole 421b is greater than the thickness of the other parts of the metal plate 42. This increases the strength of the peripheries of the bolt insertion holes 421b. Therefore, when the threaded portion 51a of each bolt 51 is threaded into the corresponding internal thread hole 121c, the flange portion 423b can withstand the load applied to the metal plate 42 via the head 51b, which improves the strength of the metal plate 42.

The above embodiment may be modified as follows.

An inverter cover 70 according to an embodiment shown in FIG. 5 may be used, in which a plastic outer insulating portion 71 is formed along the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b of the metal plate 42. The outer insulating portion 71 is formed integrally with and continuous with the insulating cover 48. The inverter cover 70 also has an outer circumferential insulating portion 72, which is continuous with the outer insulating portion 71 and extends along the outer circumferential portion 42a. Through holes 71a are formed in the outer insulating portion 71 at positions corresponding to the flange portions 423b, and the end faces of the flange portions 423b face outward through the through holes 71a. In this configuration, the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b of the metal plate 42 is covered with the outer insulating portion 71, which improves the corrosion resistance of the metal plate 42.

As shown in FIG. 5, an inner insulating portion 81 may be formed only about the metal terminal 43 in the inverter cover 70. Since the metal terminal 43 receives high voltage from an external power source, the metal terminal 43 requires a high level of insulation. Therefore, by providing the inner insulating portion 81 particularly about the metal terminal 43, the insulation of the metal terminal 43 can be improved.

As in an embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the filter coil 35 and the capacitors 36 may be integrated with an inner insulating portion 85 in a mold. The filter coil 35 and the capacitors 36 are electrically connected to the circuit board 40a via a bus bar (not shown) incorporated in the inner insulating portion 85. This improves the electrical insulation of the filter coil 35 and the capacitors 36. Since the capacitors 36 are not mounted on the mounting surface of the circuit board 40a, the size of the circuit board 40a can be reduced compared to a case in which the capacitors 36 are mounted on the mounting surface of the circuit board 40a.

In the embodiment, the sealing member 50 does not need to be integrated with the metal plate 42. As shown in FIG. 7, an annular sealing member 90 may be arranged between the end face 47a of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 and the end face 12e of the rim 12f. The sealing member 90 has a fitting groove 90a, which extends along the entire outer circumferential surface. A plastic annular ring 91 is fitted in the fitting groove 90a. The annular ring 91 has a plurality of plastic engaging pins 92 (only two of them are shown in FIG. 7) formed on the outer circumferential edge. The engaging pins 92 extend in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19 and are arranged in the circumferential direction of the annular ring 91 at predetermined intervals. Each engaging pin 92 is formed by an extended portion 92a, which extends in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 19, and an engaging portion 92b. The engaging portion 92b extends from the distal end of the extended portion 92a toward the proximal end of the extended portion 92a in a manner separating from the extended portion 92a. Each engaging portions 92b is elastically deformable at the proximal end to approach and move away from the extended portion 92a. Also, the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 has insertion holes 47b (only two of them are shown in FIG. 7), which are arranged at predetermined intervals in the circumferential direction.

When engaging portions 92b are forcibly inserted into the insertion holes 47b of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 from the end face 47a, the engaging portions 92b are passed through the insertion holes 47b while being elastically deformed toward the extended portions 92a. After being passed through the insertion holes 47b, the engaging portions 92b restore the original shape, and the distal ends of the engaging portions 92b are engaged with the end face 47c of the outer circumferential insulating portion 47. The sealing member 90 is thus assembled to the outer circumferential insulating portion 47 by means of the engaging pins 92 and the annular ring 91. In this manner, the sealing member 90 may be integrated with the outer circumferential insulating portion 47.

In the embodiment, a metal collar 98 may be placed between the head 51b of each bolt 51 and the corresponding flange portion 423b as shown in FIG. 8. In this case, the head 51b of each bolt 51 and the end face of the corresponding flange portion 423b are electrically connected to each other by the collar 98.

In the embodiment, the sealing member 50 is integrated with the metal plate 42. However, a sealing member alone may be placed between the suction housing member 12 and the inverter cover 41.

In the embodiment, the inner insulating portion 45 is formed to extend from the power connector 44 and along the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b of the metal plate 42. However, the structure is not limited to this. For example, in a case in which the capacitors 36 are mounted on the mounting surface of the circuit board 40a that faces the bottom wall 42b, an inner insulating portion may be provided on a part of the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b that faces the capacitors 36 to ensure insulation between the capacitors 36 and the bottom wall 42b. In this case, the inverter cover 41 preferably has an outer insulating portion 71 shown in FIG. 5.

In the embodiment, an inner insulating portion may be provided only on a part of the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b that faces the circuit board 40a. In this case, the inverter cover 41 preferably has an outer insulating portion 71 shown in FIG. 5.

In the embodiment, an inner insulating portion may be provided only on a part of the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b that faces the filter coil 35. In this case, the inverter cover 41 preferably has an outer insulating portion 71 shown in FIG. 5.

In the embodiment, an inner insulating portion may be provided only on a part of the inner surface 426b of the bottom wall 42b that faces the switching elements. In this case, the inverter cover 41 preferably has an outer insulating portion 71 shown in FIG. 5.

In the embodiment, the metal plate 42 is formed of aluminum. However, the metal plate 42 may be formed, for example, of iron or copper.

In the embodiment, the sealing member 50 is assembled with the metal plate 42 by engaging the engaging portions 50b with the edges of the sealing member attaching holes 422a. However, the sealing member 50 may be molded integrally with the metal plate 42.

In the embodiment, the flange portions 423b, which protrude from the outer surface 425b of the bottom wall 42b, do not need to be formed about the bolt insertion holes 421b.

In the embodiment, the distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a does not need to contact the recess 121f formed in the inner circumference of the rim 12f.

In the embodiment, the distal surface 423a of the outer circumferential portion 42a does not need to protrude further than the end face 50c of the sealing member 50, which faces the suction housing member 12.

In the embodiment, the compressing portion 15 is not limited to a type formed by a stationary scroll and a movable scroll, but may be, for example, a piston type or a vane type.

Therefore, the present examples and embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive and the invention is not to be limited to the details given herein, but may be modified within the scope and equivalence of the appended claims.

Claims

1. An electric compressor comprising:
a metal housing;
a compressing portion and an electric motor accommodated in the housing;
an inverter for driving the electric motor; and
an inverter cover fixed to the housing, the inverter cover accommodates the inverter, wherein
the inverter cover has a metal plate that is arranged to cover the inverter, the metal plate has a bolt insertion hole for fixing the inverter cover to the housing,
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing by a metal bolt having a head and a threaded portion, the threaded portion of the bolt is passed through the bolt insertion hole, and the head of the bolt and the periphery of the bolt insertion hole are electrically connected to each other, and
the inverter cover is formed of plastic by being molded in a mold, using the metal plate as a core, and
a sealing member for sealing a space between the housing and the inverter cover, wherein
the sealing member has an end face that faces the housing,
the metal plate is exposed from the plastic and has an annular end portion that faces the housing, the end portion having a distal surface, and
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing, the sealing member covers part of the end portion of the metal plate, and the distal surface of the end portion of the metal plate protrudes further toward the housing than the end face of the sealing member.
a metal housing;
a compressing portion and an electric motor accommodated in the housing;
an inverter for driving the electric motor; and
an inverter cover fixed to the housing, the inverter cover accommodates the inverter, wherein
the inverter cover has a metal plate that is arranged to cover the inverter, the metal plate has a bolt insertion hole for fixing the inverter cover to the housing,
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing by a metal bolt having a head and a threaded portion, the threaded portion of the bolt is passed through the bolt insertion hole, and the head of the bolt and the periphery of the bolt insertion hole are electrically connected to each other, and
the inverter cover is formed of plastic by being molded in a mold, using the metal plate as a core, and
a sealing member for sealing a space between the housing and the inverter cover, wherein
the sealing member has an end face that faces the housing,
the metal plate is exposed from the plastic and has an annular end portion that faces the housing, the end portion having a distal surface, and
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing, the sealing member covers part of the end portion of the metal plate, and the distal surface of the end portion of the metal plate protrudes further toward the housing than the end face of the sealing member.
an inverter cover fixed to the housing, the inverter cover accommodates the inverter, wherein
the inverter cover has a metal plate that is arranged to cover the inverter, the metal plate has a bolt insertion hole for fixing the inverter cover to the housing,
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing by a metal bolt having a head and a threaded portion, the threaded portion of the bolt is passed through the bolt insertion hole, and the head of the bolt and the periphery of the bolt insertion hole are electrically connected to each other, and
the inverter cover is formed of plastic by being molded in a mold, using the metal plate as a core, and
a sealing member for sealing a space between the housing and the inverter cover, wherein
the sealing member has an end face that faces the housing,
the metal plate is exposed from the plastic and has an annular end portion that faces the housing, the end portion having a distal surface, and
when the inverter cover is fixed to the housing, the sealing member covers part of the end portion of the metal plate, and the distal surface of the end portion of the metal plate protrudes further toward the housing than the end face of the sealing member.
2. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein the end portion of the metal plate and the sealing member are formed integrally.
3. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein the end portion of the metal plate contacts the housing.
4. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein
the metal plate has an inner surface that faces the inverter,
the inverter cover has a plastic power connector integrated therewith, the power connector having a metal terminal electrically connectable with an external power source, and
an inner insulating portion is formed to extend from the power connector and along the inner surface of the metal plate.
the metal plate has an inner surface that faces the inverter,
the inverter cover has a plastic power connector integrated therewith, the power connector having a metal terminal electrically connectable with an external power source, and
an inner insulating portion is formed to extend from the power connector and along the inner surface of the metal plate.
5. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein the metal plate has an outer surface located opposite to the inverter cover, an outer insulating portion is formed on the inverter, and the outer insulating portion extends along the outer surface of the metal plate.
6. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein the thickness of the metal plate at the periphery of the bolt insertion hole is greater than the thickness of a part of the metal plate at locations other than the periphery of the bolt insertion hole.
7. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein a metal collar is placed between the head of the bolt and the periphery of the bolt insertion hole.
8. The electric compressor according to claim 1, further comprising:
a rotor that is a part of the electric motor; and
a rotary shaft that rotates integrally with the rotor,
wherein the rotor and the rotary shaft are accommodated in the housing, and the compressing portion, the electric motor, and the inverter are arranged in order in the axial direction of the rotary shaft.
a rotor that is a part of the electric motor; and
a rotary shaft that rotates integrally with the rotor,
wherein the rotor and the rotary shaft are accommodated in the housing, and the compressing portion, the electric motor, and the inverter are arranged in order in the axial direction of the rotary shaft.
9. The electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein the metal plate shields the inverter against external electromagnetic noise.