Invariance of interaction terms in new representation of self-dual electrodynamics

Research paper by B. M. Zupnik

Indexed on: 11 Nov '02Published on: 11 Nov '02Published in: High Energy Physics - Theory


A new representation of Lagrangians of 4D nonlinear electrodynamics is considered. In this new formulation, in parallel with the standard Maxwell field strength F, an auxiliary bispinor (tensor) field V is introduced. The gauge field strength appears only in bilinear terms of the full Lagrangian, while the interaction Lagrangian E depends on the auxiliary fields, E = E(V). Two types of self-duality inherent in the nonlinear electrodynamics models admit a simple characterization in terms of the function E. The continuous SO(2) duality symmetry between nonlinear equations of motion and Bianchi identities amounts to requiring E to be a function of the SO(2) invariant quartic combination |V|^4. The discrete self-duality (or self-duality under Legendre transformation) amounts to a weaker condition E(V)= E(iV). This approach can be generalized to a system of n Abelian gauge fields exhibiting U(n) duality. The corresponding interaction Lagrangian should be U(n) invariant function of n bispinor auxiliary fields.