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Intersecting families of extended balls in the Hamming spaces

Research paper by Anderson N. Martinhão, Emerson L. Monte Carmelo

Indexed on: 31 Mar '14Published on: 31 Mar '14Published in: Mathematics - Combinatorics



Abstract

A family $\mathcal{F}$ of subsets of a set $X$ is $t$-intersecting if $\vert A_i \cap A_j \vert \geq t$ for every $A_i, \; A_j \in \mathcal{F}$. We study intersecting families in the Hamming geometry. Given $X=\mathbb{F}_q^3$ a vector space over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, consider a family where each $A_i$ is an extended ball, that is, $A_i$ is the union of all balls centered in the scalar multiples of a vector. The geometric behavior of extended balls is discussed. As the main result, we investigate a ``large" arrangement of vectors whose extended balls are ``highly intersecting". Consider the following covering problem: a subset $\mathcal{H}$ of $\mathbb{F}_q^3$ is a short covering if the union of the all extended balls centered in the elements of $\mathcal{H}$ is the whole space. As an application of this work, minimal cardinality of a short covering is improved for some instances of $q$.