Indexed on: 08 Sep '00Published on: 08 Sep '00Published in: Cytokine
Alveolar macrophages are an important source of inflammatory cytokines in the lung. IL-10 has been shown to inhibit inflammatory cytokine production by human alveolar macrophages, but mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether IL-10 modified cytokine production by interference with transcriptional pathways. Alveolar macrophages were obtained from healthy controls by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and incubated with LPS+/-IL-10. Results indicated that steady state mRNA levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and interleukin 1-beta (IL-1) decreased in the presence of IL-10. Consequently, electrophoretic mobility shift assays were performed using end-labelled nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) or activator protein-1 (AP-1) probe. NF-kappa B binding was decreased in extracts from macrophages incubated for 4 h with LPS+IL-10 in comparison to those incubated with LPS alone. IL-10 also inhibited TNF secretion and NF-kappa B activation induced by another stimulus, staphylococcal toxin. Supershift assays revealed the presence of both p50 and p65 subunits of NF-kappa B. AP-1 was not affected by IL-10. Further examination of mechanisms indicated that IL-10 delayed the LPS-mediated degradation of the inhibitor protein I kappa B, thus delaying the nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit. These observations provide the first evidence that IL-10 antagonizes cytokine transcription in human alveolar macrophages by impeding the nuclear translocation of NF-kappa B by delaying the degradation of I kappa B.