Indexed on: 01 Mar '07Published on: 01 Mar '07Published in: Central European Journal of Chemistry
Interaction of human plasma fibrinogen (HPF) with fumed nanosilica A-300 in a phosphate buffer solution (PBS) was studied using 1H NMR spectroscopy with layer-by-layer freezing-out of bulk and interfacial water in the temperature range of 210–273 K, TSDC (90 < T < 265 K), adsorption, FTIR, and UV spectroscopy methods. An increase in concentration of HPF in the PBS leads to a decrease in amounts of structured water (frozen at T < 273 K) because of coagulation of HPF molecules. Addition of nanosilica to the HPF solution strongly reduces the amounts of structured water because of adsorption interaction of HPF molecules with silica nanoparticles, self-association of HPF molecules, formation of denser packed hybrid agglomerates with HPF and silica, and lastly, because of conformational changes of HPF. A monolayer adsorption capacity of A-300 corresponds to 156 mg of HPF per gram of silica. The FTIR and UV spectra show that the HPF adsorption on silica leads to structural changes of the protein molecules. These changes and formation of hybrid HPF/A-300 aggregates can increase the rate of clotting that is of importance on nanosilica application as a component of tourniquet preparations.