Indexed on: 16 Feb '17Published on: 16 Feb '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Soft Condensed Matter
We present new method for studying the equilibrium properties of interacting fluids in an arbitrary external filed. The method is valid in any dimension and it yields an exact results in one dimension. Using this approach, we derive a recurrence relation for the pair distribution function of a three dimensional in-homogeneous fluids, constitute of spherical molecules with arbitrary nearest neighbour interaction that extends to two molecules diameter. By integrating this recurrence relation, we get an explicit expressions for the entropy and free energy functionals as a functionals of the density and the pair distribution function. We show that for one dimensional systems, our results coincide exactly with previously derived one using a completely different approach.