Indexed on: 09 Feb '17Published on: 09 Feb '17Published in: Scientific Reports
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an idiopathic disease associated with recurrent stroke. However, the pathogenesis of MMD remains unknown. Therefore, we performed long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression profiles in blood samples from MMD patients (N = 15) and healthy controls (N = 10). A total of 880 differentially expressed lncRNAs (3649 probes) and 2624 differentially expressed mRNAs (2880 probes) were obtained from the microarrays of MMD patients and healthy controls (P < 0.05; Fold Change >2.0). Gene ontology (GO) and pathway analyses showed that upregulated mRNAs were enriched for inflammatory response, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway among others, while the downregulated mRNAs were enriched for neurological system process, digestion, drug metabolism, retinol metabolism and others. Our results showed that the integrated analysis of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression networks were linked to inflammatory response, Toll-like signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and MAPK signaling pathway. These findings may elucidate the pathogenesis of MMD, and the differentially expressed genes could provide clues to find key components in the MMD pathway.