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Integrated 18 F-T807 Tau PET, Structural MRI, and Plasma Tau in Tauopathy Neurodegenerative Disorders.

Research paper by Cheng-Hsuan CH Li, Ta-Fu TF Chen, Ming-Jang MJ Chiu, Ruoh-Fang RF Yen, Ming-Chieh MC Shih, Chin-Hsien CH Lin

Indexed on: 16 Apr '21Published on: 16 Apr '21Published in: Frontiers in aging neuroscience



Abstract

Tau-specific positron emission topography (PET) imaging enables assessment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We aimed to investigate its performance in combination with plasma tau levels in patients with non-AD tauopathy. A total of 47 participants were enrolled, including 10 healthy controls, 16 with tauopathy parkinsonism syndromes (9 with corticobasal syndrome [CBS], 7 with progressive supranuclear palsy [PSP]), 9 with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), 4 with AD, and 8 with Parkinson's disease (PD). All participants underwent clinical assessments, F-T807 tau PET, brain MRI, and plasma tau assay. The global cortical standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) of F-T807 PET was comparable between PD and control ( = 0.088). The cortical SUVR was significantly higher in AD group ( = 0.002) but was modestly increased in PSP group compared to the PD group ( = 0.044), especially in parietal and pallidal regions. Asymmetric F-T807 uptake at the pallidum was noted in patients with CBS and FTD. Cortical tau tracer uptake was associated with increased plasma total tau level ( = 0.016), especially in frontal and parietal regions. Regional tracer uptake was correlated with cortical thinning in patients with CBS and PSP (CBS: = -0.092, = 0.025; PSP: = -0.114, = 0.015). The F-T807 tau tracer uptake was only modestly increased in patients with PSP. Although the cortical tau tracer uptake correlated with regional cortical atrophy and plasma tau levels, a four-repeated tau-specific tracer is needed for future classifying tauopathy parkinsonism syndromes. Copyright © 2021 Li, Chen, Chiu, Yen, Shih and Lin.

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