# Insights into the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Fe2−xTixO3/Fe2O3 thin films with x = 0.44 grown on Al2O3 (0001)

Research paper by Teresa Dennenwaldt, Maike Lübbe, Michael Winklhofer, Alexander Müller, Markus Döblinger, Hasan Sadat Nabi, Maria Gandman, Tzipi Cohen-Hyams, Wayne D. Kaplan, Wolfgang Moritz, Rossitza Pentcheva, Christina Scheu

Indexed on: 11 Sep '14Published on: 11 Sep '14Published in: Journal of Materials Science

#### Abstract

The interface between hematite (α-Fe2IIIO3) and ilmenite (FeIITiO3), a weak ferrimagnet and an antiferromagnet, respectively, has been suggested to be strongly ferrimagnetic due to the formation of a mixed valence layer of Fe2+/Fe3+ (1:1 ratio) caused by compensation of charge mismatch at the chemically abrupt boundary. Here, we report for the first time direct experimental evidence for a chemically distinct layer emerging at heterointerfaces in the hematite—Ti-doped-hematite system. Using molecular beam epitaxy, we have grown thin films (~25 nm thickness) of α-Fe2O3 on α-Al2O3 (0001) substrates, which were capped with a ~25 nm thick Fe2−xTixO3 layer (x = 0.44). An additional 3 nm cap of α-Fe2O3 was deposited on top. The films were structurally characterized in situ with surface X-ray diffraction, which showed a partial low index orientation relationship between film and substrate in terms of the [0001] axis and revealed two predominant domains with $$(0001) _{{{\text{Fe}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }} \;||\;(0001) _{{{\text{Al}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }},$$ one with $$[10\bar{1}0]_{{{\text{Fe}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }} \;||\;[10\bar{1}0]_{{{\text{Al}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }},$$ and a twin domain with $$[01\bar{1}0]_{{{\text{Fe}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }} \;||\;\;[10\bar{1}0]_{{{\text{Al}}_{2} {\text{O}}_{3} }}.$$ Electron energy loss spectroscopy profiles across the Fe2−xTixO3/Fe2O3 interface show that Fe2+/Fe3+ ratios peak right at the interface. This strongly suggests the formation of a chemically distinct interface layer, which might also be magnetically distinct as indicated by the observed magnetic enhancement in the Fe2−xTixO3/α-Fe2O3/Al2O3 system compared to the pure α-Fe2O3/Al2O3 system.