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Ink jet printing with inks containing cationic-anionic monomer pairs

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Thomas W. Smith

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

Disclosed is a process which comprises (a) incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus (1) a first ink comprising water and at least one anionic monomer; and (2) a second ink comprising water and at least one cationic monomer, wherein the anionic monomer and the cationic monomer are selected so that upon contact of the anionic monomer with the cationic monomer, spontaneous polymerization or copolymerization of at least one of the anionic monomer or the cationic monomer occurs, and wherein at least one of the first ink and the second ink further comprises a colorant; (b) causing droplets of the first ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; and (c) causing droplets of the second ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; wherein the process results in at least some portions of the substrate bearing images formed from both the first ink and the second ink, said portions forming a printed image containing the colorant and a polymer formed from at least one of the anionic monomer or the cationic monomer. Similar processes are disclosed with N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate and p-toluene sulfonic acid, with acrylamide and a multivalent metal nitrate salt, and with 5-vinyl tetrazole and an amine base.

Claims

1. A process which comprises (a) incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus (1) a first ink comprising water and at least one anionic monomer; and (2) a second ink comprising water and at least one cationic monomer, wherein the anionic monomer and the cationic monomer are selected so that upon contact of the anionic monomer with the cationic monomer, spontaneous polymerization or copolymerization of at least one of the anionic monomer or the cationic monomer occurs, and wherein at least one of the first ink and the second ink further comprises a colorant; (b) causing droplets of the first ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; and (c) causing droplets of the second ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; wherein the process results in at least some portions of the substrate bearing images formed from both the first ink and the second ink, said portions forming a printed image containing the colorant and a polymer formed from at least one of the anionic monomer or the cationic monomer.

2. A process according to claim 1 wherein the anionic monomer is present in the first ink in an amount of at least about 1 percent by weight of the ink, and wherein the anionic monomer is present in the first ink in an amount of no more than about 30 percent by weight of the ink.

3. A process according to claim 1 wherein the anionic monomer is a vinyl sulfonate compound, maleic anhydride, or maleic acid.

4. A process according to claim 1 wherein the anionic monomer is of one of the general formulae

H

2C═CH—SO

3

G

wherein G is a cation.

5. A process according to claim 1 wherein the cationic monomer is present in the second ink in an amount of at least about 1 percent by weight of the ink, and wherein the cationic monomer is present in the second ink in an amount of no more than about 30 percent by weight of the ink.

6. A process according to claim 1 wherein the cationic monomer is a vinyl pyridinium compound or a vinyl imidazolium compound.

7. A process according to claim 1 wherein the cationic monomer is of one of the general formulae

wherein R

1 and R

2 each, independently of the other, are hydrogen atoms, alkyl groups, aryl groups, arylalkyl groups, or alkylaryl groups, and wherein A is an anion.

8. A process according to claim 1 wherein the printing apparatus employs a thermal ink jet process wherein the ink in the nozzles is selectively heated in an imagewise pattern, thereby causing droplets of the ink to be ejected in imagewise pattern.

9. A process according to claim 1 wherein the printing apparatus employs a piezoelectric ink jet process wherein droplets of the ink are caused to be ejected in imagewise pattern by oscillations of piezoelectric vibrating elements.

10. A process which comprises (a) incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus (1) a first ink comprising water and monomeric N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate, and (2) a second ink comprising water and p-toluene sulfonic acid, wherein upon contact of the monomeric N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate with the p-toluene sulfonic acid, spontaneous polymerization of the monomeric N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate occurs, and wherein at least one of the first ink and the second ink further comprises a colorant; (b) causing droplets of the first ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; and (c) causing droplets of the second ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; wherein the process results in at least some portions of the substrate bearing images formed from both the first ink and the second ink, said portions forming a printed image containing the colorant and a polymer formed from the monomeric N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate.

11. A process according to claim 10 wherein the printing apparatus employs a thermal ink jet process wherein the ink in the nozzles is selectively heated in an imagewise pattern, thereby causing droplets of the ink to be ejected in imagewise pattern.

12. A process according to claim 10 wherein the printing apparatus employs a piezoelectric ink jet process wherein droplets of the ink are caused to be ejected in imagewise pattern by oscillations of piezoelectric vibrating elements.

13. A process which comprises (a) incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus (1) a first ink comprising water and monomeric acrylamide; and (2) a second ink comprising water and a multivalent metal nitrate salt, wherein the multivalent metal nitrate salt is selected so that upon contact of the monomeric acrylamide with the multivalent metal nitrate salt, spontaneous polymerization of the monomeric acrylamide occurs, and wherein at least one of the first ink and the second ink further comprises a colorant; (b) causing droplets of the first ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; and (c) causing droplets of the second ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; wherein the process results in at least some portions of the substrate bearing images formed from both the first ink and the second ink, said portions forming a printed image containing the colorant and a polyacrylamide polymer formed from the monomeric acrylamide.

14. A process according to claim 13 wherein the multivalent metal nitrate salt is Cr(NO

3)

3, Bi(NO

3)

3, Pb(NO

3)

2, Ca(NO

3)

2, or a mixture thereof.

15. A process according to claim 13 wherein the printing apparatus employs a thermal ink jet process wherein the ink in the nozzles is selectively heated in an imagewise pattern, thereby causing droplets of the ink to be ejected in imagewise pattern.

16. A process according to claim 13 wherein the printing apparatus employs a piezoelectric ink jet process wherein droplets of the ink are caused to be ejected in imagewise pattern by oscillations of piezoelectric vibrating elements.

17. A process which comprises (a) incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus (1) a first ink comprising water and monomeric 5-vinyl tetrazole; and (2) a second ink comprising water and an amine base, wherein the amine base is selected so that upon contact of the monomeric 5-vinyl tetrazole with the amine base, spontaneous polymerization of the monomeric 5-vinyl tetrazole occurs, and wherein at least one of the first ink and the second ink further comprises a colorant; (b) causing droplets of the first ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; and (c) causing droplets of the second ink to be ejected in an imagewise pattern onto the substrate; wherein the process results in at least some portions of the substrate bearing images formed from both the first ink and the second ink, said portions forming a printed image containing the colorant and a polymer formed from the monomeric 5-vinyl tetrazole.

18. A process according to claim 17 wherein the amine base is triethylamine.

19. A process according to claim 17 wherein the printing apparatus employs a thermal ink jet process wherein the ink in the nozzles is selectively heated in an imagewise pattern, thereby causing droplets of the ink to be ejected in imagewise pattern.

20. A process according to claim 17 wherein the printing apparatus employs a piezoelectric ink jet process wherein droplets of the ink are caused to be ejected in imagewise pattern by oscillations of piezoelectric vibrating elements.