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Injection of interferon-beta in the morning decreases flu-like syndrome in many patients with multiple sclerosis.

Research paper by Yann Y Nadjar, Emilie E Coutelas, Pauline P Prouteau, Fabienne F Panzer, Danièle D Paquet, Claude C Saint-Val, Alain A Créange

Indexed on: 29 Jan '11Published on: 29 Jan '11Published in: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery



Abstract

Although it is recommended that interferon-beta (IFNβ) injections be administered in the evening, it is possible that morning injections could more effectively decrease interleukin 6 secretion.This study evaluated the effects of switching from an evening injection of IFNβ to a morning injection on the intensity of flu-like syndrome in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). We performed an intervention study that consisted of a quantitative evaluation of IFNβ-related flu-like syndrome in a cohort of 105 MS patients. Patients with persistent flu-like reactions who injected IFNβ in the evening were encouraged to switch to morning injections. After one month, we evaluated various quantitative and qualitative changes (e.g., severity of flu-like syndrome, sleep quality, antipyretic drug use).Of the 98 patients (93%) who injected IFNβ in the evening, 88 (85%) had a persistent flu-like syndrome (the severity score was 3.92±0.26). A total of 50 (57%) patients switched to morning injections. One month after changing the injection time, 29 patients (58%) reported that their flu-like syndrome was decreased, 11 (24%) thought that it was unchanged and 9 (18%) thought that it was increased (p=0.014). In addition, 23 patients (48%) reported improved sleep (p=0.001), and 33 (68%) patients chose to continue morning injections, whereas 17 (32%) patients switched back to evening injections (p=0.024). Quantitative measures, however, indicated that there was no change in the severity of flu-like syndrome or the number of antipyretic doses taken for its management.Morning injections qualitatively improved IFNβ-related flu-like syndrome and sleep. A change in IFNβ injection time from evening to morning could benefit a significant proportion of patients with MS.