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Initialization by measurement of a superconducting quantum bit circuit.

Research paper by D D Ristè, J G JG van Leeuwen, H-S HS Ku, K W KW Lehnert, L L DiCarlo

Indexed on: 26 Sep '12Published on: 26 Sep '12Published in: Physical review letters



Abstract

We demonstrate initialization by joint measurement of two transmon qubits in 3D circuit quantum electrodynamics. Homodyne detection of cavity transmission is enhanced by Josephson parametric amplification to discriminate the two-qubit ground state from single-qubit excitations nondestructively and with 98.1% fidelity. Measurement and postselection of a steady-state mixture with 4.7% residual excitation per qubit achieve 98.8% fidelity to the ground state, thus outperforming passive initialization.