Inhibitory effects of Zoagumhwan water extract and berberine on angiotensin II-induced monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 expression and monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells.

Research paper by Yu Jin YJ Ko, Jong-Suk JS Lee, Byung Chul BC Park, Heung Mook HM Shin, Jung-Ae JA Kim

Indexed on: 17 Jul '07Published on: 17 Jul '07Published in: Vascular Pharmacology


Angiotensin II (Ang II), a potent vasoconstrictor, has been implicated in vascular inflammation through induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory genes. Among the chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 induced by Ang II acts as a central mediator of the inflammatory responses. In the present study, we found that the water extract of ZoaGumHwan (ZGH), a Korean herbal remedy, dose-dependently inhibited Ang II-induced U937 monocyte adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and mRNA expression of MCP-1 in HUVECs and C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR-2) in U937 cells. In addition, ZGH water extract inhibited Ang II-induced generation of reactive oxygen species in HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner. Berberine, a major component of Coptis chinensis Franch, also showed similar effects on ROS production and MCP-1 expression induced by Ang II. These results suggest that Korean herbal remedy, ZGH, effectively protects against Ang II-induced endothelial inflammation.