Inhibitory effects of 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 on collagen type I, osteopontin, and osteocalcin gene expression in chicken osteoblasts.

Research paper by M M Broess, A A Riva, L C LC Gerstenfeld

Indexed on: 01 Mar '95Published on: 01 Mar '95Published in: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry


Seventeen day chicken embryonic osteoblasts treated over a 30-day period with 1,25(OH)2 D3 showed a 2-10-fold decrease in collagen, osteopontin and osteocalcin protein accumulation, alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity, and mineral deposition. Comparable inhibition in the steady state mRNA levels for alpha 1(I) and alpha 2(I) collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin were observed, and the inhibitory action of the hormone was shown to be specific for only the late release populations of cells from sequential enzyme digestions of the chick calvaria. In order to determine whether the continuous hormone treatment blocked osteoblast differentiation, the cells were acutely treated for 24 h with 1,25(OH)2 D3 at culture periods when the cells proliferate (day 5), a culture period when the cells cease further cell division and are increasing in the expression of their differentiated functions (day 17), and a culture period when the cells are encapsulated within a mineralized extracellular matrix (day 30). Inhibition of the expression of collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin were observed at days 17 and 30, while no effect could be detected for the 5-day cultures. To further define whether the inhibitory effect was specific for cells expressing their differentiated phenotype, 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment was initiated at day 17 and continued to day 30 after the cells have established their collagenous matrix. In these experiments further collagenous matrix deposition, mineral deposition, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteocalcin synthesis were also inhibited after the hormone treatment was initiated. These results, in summary, show that 1,25(OH)2 D3 in primary avian osteoblast cultures derived from 17-day embryonic calvaria inhibits the expression of several genes associated with differentiated osteoblast function and inhibit extracellular matrix mineral deposition.