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Inhibition of wilting and autocatalytic ethylene production in cut carnation flowers by cis-propenylphosphonic acid

Research paper by K. Yamamoto, C. Saitoh, Y. Yokoo, T. Furukawa, K. Oshima

Indexed on: 01 Nov '92Published on: 01 Nov '92Published in: Plant growth regulation



Abstract

The effect of cis-propenylphosphonic acid (PPOH), a structural analoge of ethylene, on flower wilting and ethylene production was investigated using cut carnation flowers which are very sensitive to ethylene. Wilting (petal in-rolling) of the flowers was delayed by continuously immersing the stems in a 5–20 mM PPOH solution. In addition, the continuous treatment with PPOH markedly reduced autocatalytic ethylene production of the petals accompanying senescence. This reduction of autocatalytic ethylene production was considered responsible for the inhibitory effect of PPOH on flower wilting. The inhibitory activity of trans-propenylphosphonic acid (trans-PPOH), on both flower wilting and the autocatalytic ethylene production accompanying senescence was markedly lower than that of PPOH, suggesting that PPOH action is stereoselective. PPOH may be of interest as a new, water-soluble inhibitor of wilting and autocatalytic ethylene production in cut carnation flowers.