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Inhibition of U6 snRNA Transcription by PTEN.

Research paper by Stephanie S Cabarcas, Kounosuke K Watabe, Laura L Schramm

Indexed on: 12 Apr '11Published on: 12 Apr '11Published in: OnLine journal of biological sciences



Abstract

PROBLEM STATEMENT: RNA polymerase III (RNA pol III) is responsible for transcribing many of the small structural RNA molecules involved in RNA processing and protein translation, thereby regulating the growth rate of a cell. RNA pol III transcribes both gene internal (tRNA) and gene external (U6 snRNA) promoters and proper initiation by RNA polymerase III requires the transcription initiation factor TFIIIB. TFIIIB has been shown to be a target of repression by tumor suppressors such as ARF, p53, RB and the RB-related pocket proteins. Also, TFIIIB activity is stimulated by the oncogenes c-Myc and the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase. Recently, two TFIIIB subunits, BRF1 and BRF2, have been demonstrated to behave as oncogenes, making deregulation of TFIIIB activity and thus RNA pol III transcription an important step in tumor development. PTEN is a commonly mutated tumor suppressor regulating cell growth, proliferation and survival. Thus, we sought to examine the potential role of PTEN in regulating U6 snRNA transcription. APPROACH: We examined the potential for PTEN to regulate U6 snRNA transcription using in vitro RNA pol III luciferase assays, western blotting and deletion analysis in cancer cell lines differing in their PTEN status. RESULTS: Using breast, cervical, prostate and glioblastoma cancer cells we demonstrate: (1) PTEN inhibition of gene external RNA pol III transcription is cell type specific, (2) PTEN-mediated inhibition of U6 transcription occurs via the C2 lipid-binding domain and (3) PTEN repression of U6 transcription occurs, at least in part, through the TFIIIB subunit BRF2. CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATIONS: Our data demonstrates that regulation of the U6 snRNA gene by PTEN is mediated, in part by the TFIIIB oncogene BRF2, potentially identifying novel targets for chemotherapeutic drug design.