Inheritance of the photoperiodically induced cold acclimation response in Cornus sericea L., red-osier dogwood.

Research paper by R L RL Hummel, P D PD Ascher, H M HM Pellett

Indexed on: 01 Dec '82Published on: 01 Dec '82Published in: Theoretical and Applied Genetics


Cold acclimation responses of latitudinal ecotypes of Cornus sericea L. (C. stolonifera Michx.) and F1, F2 and BC1 hybrid progenies were measured under natural photoperiod conditions in St. Paul, MN and artificially shortened photoperiods in the glass-house. The 65 °N and 62 °N ecotypes (Alaska and Northwest Territories, respectively) were characterized by a short night length for hardiness induction, the 42 °N ecotype (Utah A and B) by a long night length for hardiness induction, while the F1 was intermediate to the parents. Results from reciprocal crosses indicated there was no significant unilateral maternal influence on cold acclimation. Acclimation responses of the F2 were highly variable but generally ranged between the parental extremes. However, three individuals from the 42 ° × 62 °N crosses exhibited greater cold resistance than the northern parent on two successive freezing test dates. F2 plants were also found with less freezing resistance than the southern parent. Backcrosses to the southern parent produced progeny with acclimation patterns resembling that of the southern parent and were significantly less hardy than the F2 in early freezing tests.